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飄浮垃圾島現身太平洋,太陽能與海力發電提供給氣候難民居住
發佈日期 :2010-11-05

你是否曾幻想著擁有一座自己的小島,在島上過著夢幻般的生活呢?暖化讓地球上的冰川、冰山快速融化,許多小島已面臨被破遷島的命運...



然而處處充滿塑膠製品的文明人類世界裡,隨意丟棄塑膠垃圾的結果不僅造成環境汙染,危害海洋生物的生存,成千上萬的垃圾飄流到美國加州與日本之間的太平洋海域,形成一個面積約台灣 40 倍大的「大太平洋垃圾塊 (Great Pacific Garbage Patch)」,根據英國南極研究站(BAS)與綠色和平組織在 2007~2008 年間聯手調查發現,在南極海域曾發現包括浮標與塑膠杯等人造垃圾,研究人員也發現連偏僻 的阿蒙森海與杜維爾海域(Durmont D’Urville)附近也無法倖免。



位於荷蘭的建築公司 Whim Architects 突發有一大膽的構想,打算將從太平洋垃圾塊附近就地取材,利用這些造成環境污染的塑膠垃圾,加工填補成一個再生之島 ( Recycled Island ),面積相當於夏威夷島大小,Whim Architects 表示這是一個大膽的計劃,但該計劃不僅有利於清潔海洋上的塑膠垃圾,完工後更將提供給因氣候變遷災難中的氣候難民居住,並創造一個能讓人類持續居住與生活的飄浮島嶼。



該座飄浮島上將設有農場、海灘等,島內面積初步約 1 萬平方公里,理想情況下將放置在太平洋、舊金山和夏威夷之間,強調回收概念的垃圾島,島內設計可以自行垃圾回收,島上可過著完全自給自足且與大自然共存的綠生活世界,供電來源來自太陽能與海力發電自給自足,避免環境負擔,島內食物完全取自海藻,方便的問題則交給使用堆肥的環保廁所,堆肥廁所的使用更創造了肥沃的土壤。



飄浮垃圾島 的另一個重要的永續環境決策就是種植海藻,海藻不但能提供食物、燃料和藥品的來緣,更能吸收二氧化碳,並提供了海洋魚類棲息地的食物來源。



荷蘭建築公司 Whim Architects 表示,由於島內面積的材料來自海上的漂浮垃圾,就地取材可以減少從陸地運輸造成的汙染排放,未來海上垃圾消失後,也可避免每年因鳥類或海洋生物誤食斃命的意外發生。



目前雖地球上並沒有迫切的需要建立一座新的島嶼,但這個飄浮垃圾島的計畫對人類來說將是個巨大的改變,因為它讓人類意識到塑膠垃圾對環境與海洋生態已造成重大的破壞。



日期:991013



來源: EARTH PROTECT 節能減碳,用行動愛地球bolg


http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/earth-protect/guestbook?page=1




“Recycle Island” Turns Ocean Plastic into a Paradise




Ever dreamed of living on a giant island of plastic? Well, with all the plastic that floats around in the ocean as a toxic soup threatening all manner of marine life, one architecture firm has a bold vision to create an eco-paradise called "Recycled Island" in the Pacific Ocean with sustainability at its core. It's a bold plan, but not only would the project help clean the oceans, the firm claims, it might just be a perfect home for climate refugeesand a way to turn those toxic patches of ocean plastic into an island that may do the planet some good.


The idea for the massive Recycled Island was developed by WHIM architecture as a way to clean the oceans and create a new floating habitat dedicated to sustainable living, complete with beaches, farms, and buildings. Ideally placed in the Pacific, between San Francisco and Hawaii, the island would be some 4 thousand square miles of plastic 'land' upon which plastic communities would be built.


According the project's plan, the plastics used to build the island will come from the giant North Pacific Gyre. Once collected and cleaned, the material could then be reformed into floating platforms of recycled plastic. "This will clean our Oceans intensely and it will change the character of the plastic waste from garbage to building material," says WHIM. "The gathering of the plastic waste will become a lot more attractive."


With the land mass built, the firm believes a sustainable island paradise will flourish, according to the project's Web site:


-The habitable area is designed as an urban setting. Nowadays already half of the World population lives in urban conditions, which has a huge impact on nature. The realization of mixed-use environments is our hope for the future.


-The island is constructed as a green living environment, from the point of view of a natural habitat. The use of compost toilets in creating fertile ground is an example in this.


-It is a self sufficient habitat, which is not (or hardly) depending from other countries and finds its own resources to survive. The settlement has its own energy and food sources.


-The island is ecologic and not polluting or affecting the world negatively. Natural and non polluting sources are used to let the island exist in harmony with nature.


An important component in making Recycled Island sustainable comes from the cultivation of seaweed, which would provide food, fuel, and medicine, as well absorb CO2 and offer a habitat to fish.


While the plan to build an island by recycling the plastic that pollutes our oceans is certainly a bold one, if not downright impossible, it is in line with a number of ambitious recycling projects that have indeed come to fruition. Certainly, the planet has no pressing need for a new island, sustainable or otherwise, but it would be a huge improvement on the toxic masses of ocean plastic inadvertently in place already.




Date:Oct.13.2010


The resource from:


http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/06/recycled-island-turns-ocean-plastic-into-a-paradise.php


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