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廢電池回收宣導
發佈日期 :2009-08-06

  • 為什麼要回收廢乾電池 (一)廢乾電池內含有鉛、鋅、鎳、鈷、鐵、鋰以及對環境危害最大的汞和鎘。 (二)若未妥善處理會產生環境問題及危害健康:


1.    環境問題:廢乾電池不回收處理,會嚴重污染土壤及水源;像1平方米的土壤永久失去利用價值,一顆一號電池埋在土中就能辦到;一個人一生的飲水量約600噸,一粒紐扣電池就可將水污染使其無法飲用。


2.    危害健康:人體透過食物鏈吸收重金屬,會危害身體健康。


a.    汞:導致中樞神經障礙


b.    鎘:骨頭病變(痛痛病)


c.     鉛:影響神經系統發育,影響幼兒智力 



  • 廢乾電池回收貯存清除處理方法: (一)廢電池回收、貯存方法,應注意下列事項:


1.    貯存地點應當保持整潔,不得有掉落、溢散、洩漏、發散惡臭、污染地面、積水或有害氣體擴散及洩漏等情事。


2.    貯存容器應當與廢電池具有相容性,並防止電解液滲漏侵蝕。


3.    回收貯存場應採防雨水進入建築結構,其地面應為不透水面。


4.    貯存設施產生廢液、廢氣、惡臭及污染地下水體、空氣、土染之設備或措施,及應中文標示貯存及種類。


(二)廢乾電池及再生料、衍生廢棄物之清除過程中應採取防止發散、溢散、洩漏造成空氣、水體、土壤污染之情事、並有防與設備或措施。


(三)廢乾電池回收、貯存、清除過程中,不得拆解、破壞原形及造成電解液外漏。


日期:98 5 25


出處:http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qid=1609050205732


http://recycle.clweb.com.tw/mode02.asp?m=200810141120411&t=sub








Promote the exhaust battery



Why so important about recycle the exhaust battery? At first, there are a lot of element in the exhaust battery, such as, (lead) 、鐵(iron)、鋅(zinc)、鎳(nickel)、鈷(cobalt)、鐵(iron)、鋰(lithium).That is also have(mercury)和鎘(cadmium), two of those are the most dangerous element for our environment and also harm the health of creature. In the environment problem, we have to handle the exhaust battery as well as we can in order to reduce the environment problems. For example, people bury one No, 1 battery could let one square meter’s ground that may be useless forever. And a battery which is look like a button could pollution water of quantity about six hundred ton. Surprise thing that is a man who will be drink in his whole life. And second problem about the creature. For example, the human body may absorb the heavy metal by food chain which may harm health of human. Those heavy metals include the(mercury) 、鎘(cadmium) and lead. The(mercury)which may lead people into the bitterness of the appetite hyper function disease or the(cadmium) that may cause ItaiItai Disease. This disease that is kind of problem of bones. Expect of this two elements. The last one element is(lead). This element must influence development with nerve systems and also could affect the intelligence of the children. And how to deal with the exhaust battery. We have to pay attention on how to deal with the exhaust battery. Now we can follow the listed below which about the ways


At first, the place we put the exhaust battery have to be clean. The first reason is the fluid or the gas to leak out or the stench is as possible as you can. Second, The container which compatibility that you put the battery in and also to prevent the electrolyte erosion to the ground. Third, the recycling storing field should pick against rain to enter the construction which should be waterproof surface. Forth, the facility which to stores the waste liquid, the waste gas, the odor and the pollution underground water body, the air, the locally dyed equipment or the measure should mark Chinese indication and the type of storing. And the other way is the waste dry cell battery and the crude material, in the derivation reject of reset procedure should adopt again to prevent the radiation that overflow circumstances of the air, the water body, the soil pollution, and has the equipment or measures to against. However, do not take apart and destroy the primary form when we recycling the waste cell battery because that may cause the electrolyte to leak out.




Day May 25 2009



The resource from http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qid=1609050205732


http://recycle.clweb.com.tw/mode02.asp?m=200810141120411&t=sub


 


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